Purchase of the Saharan Collection was subsidized by the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport as part of the National Institute of Museums and Collections' own program "Expansion of museum collections"

We are pleased to announce that the Municipal Museum in Żory has received subsidy for the purchase of the Saharan Collection from the funds of the Ministry of Culture, National Heritage and Sport as part of the National Institute for Museums and Public Collections "Expansion of museum collections". Saharan collection from the collection of Dr. Adam Rybiński consist of 116 objects describing cultures geographically located in the Sahara area. The collection consists of items mainly from its western part of Sahara and the adjacent areas where cultures naturally intertwine. Thus, it provides a coherent cultural image of considerable cognitive value.

The core of the collection consists of items from the Saharan circle, dominated by objects of Tuareg culture. From the north, it is adjacent to Magreb, represented by Kabyle objects, and from the west, the Atlantic Coast presents Moorish products. To the south, the Sahara is bordered by the Sahel, dominated by pastoral Fulbians who inhabit the area from Senegal to Cameroon. The Saharan collection corresponds to the research areas of Dr. Adam Rybiński, who from the mid-1970s conducted independent ethnological research on the peoples of the western part of the Sahara and adjacent areas. The extensive knowledge and field experience that he gained during  these researches are a measure of the value of the objects acquired for the collection. All objects are characterized by ethnographic credibility, but also collector credibility in terms of registration data (place of origin and purchase). The oldest purchases come from the period 1974-75 from Algeria, while the last ones are the result of searches in antique shops mainly in France (21st century). The vast majority of these are used and authentic items. However, the collector's awareness of the registration of cultural changes should be emphasized, which is visible in the purchase of objects characterized by foreign influences in terms of decoration and form, sometimes indicating their purpose for the needs of tourism trade. It should be noted, however, that in the case of traditional African cultures, it is common to use new solutions both in everyday life and in economic relations with tourists.

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The photo shows one of the purchased items - Tuareg saddle


The ceramics of the Kabyles

 

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